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Long-Term Vascular Disease Care

Vascular disease is usually a problem that lasts for months or years. A vascular surgeon is trained in various techniques to remove plaque and blood clots from the arteries. When blood flow to the body is hindered like this it can sometimes be painful, but most forms of vascular disease do not have any noticeable symptoms. This makes it a dangerous condition because life threatening events like a heart attack or stroke can occur without the patient realizing anything was wrong with them.

A vascular surgery will not necessarily cure the disease completely. These are cumulative conditions that develop over time. A patient needs to make long-term lifestyle changes in order to return their veins to good health. This is why vascular surgeons at Salinas Valley Medical Clinic (SVMC) create relationships with their patients to help them completely eradicate the disease over the coming months.

Vascular Procedures

Consuming excessive amounts of cholesterol causes a substance referred to as plaque to line your veins and arteries. When plaque builds up too much it stops the flow of blood in your body, leading to a myriad of health problems. Vascular surgeries are designed to remove plaque and blood clots so the blood can flow freely again. There are a few different ways to do this.

Vascular operations include:

  • Bypass surgery – When a vein or artery is heavily damaged, rather than attempting to fix the vein, a doctor may remedy the problem by redirecting the flow of blood through healthier veins.
  • Angioplasty – In this operation a small wire with a balloon is inserted into blocked vein. The balloon is then inflated, opening up the artery.
  • Rotational atherectomy – A thin wire with small blades is inserted into the vein. The blades spin around inside the vein, destroying any plaque.
  • Laser atherectomy – This catheter is equipped with a small laser that goes into your vein and zaps artery plaque to turn it into gas.
  • Stenting – Removing and widening veins is not always enough to keep the vein healthy. To ensure the artery stays open, surgeons often implant a stent in the vein. This is a small, mesh tube that keeps the artery walls wide open for better blood flow.

Many vascular operations are minimally invasive, meaning the surgeon does not have to cut you wide open. After the procedure, it is highly recommended that you continue working with a medical professional to create a diet and exercise plan that will improve your vascular health.