MONDAY, Jan. 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Americans are living
longer than ever and their life expectancy is increasing every
year, federal health officials reported Monday.
People born in 2009 can expect to live 78.5 years. That's an
increase from just a year before (when life expectancy at birth was
78.1 years). Since these data were collected, life expectancy has
increased even more, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention website, and now stands at 78.7 years.
"To the extent that we all want a bounty of years in life, this
report conveys encouraging news. Life expectancy at birth in the
U.S. is rising for all groups," said Dr. David Katz, director of
the Yale University Prevention Research Center. He had no part in
In the years covered by the current report, life expectancy
increased for both men and women. For males, life expectancy went
from 75.6 years for those born in 2008 to 76 years for those born
in 2009. For females, it went from 80.6 years to 80.9 years,
according to the report from the U.S. National Center for Health
Statistics, part of the CDC.
Life expectancy also rose by race -- for whites from 78.5 years
in 2008 to 78.8 years in 2009; for blacks, from 74 years to 74.5
years; and for Hispanics, from 81 years to 81.2 years, the
"But there are some dark clouds swirling around the silver
linings of data. Disparities in life expectancy persist, both
between women and men, and between whites and blacks," Katz
Life expectancy in the United States is still lower than for
many developed countries around the world, he said.
"More importantly, this report is only about years in life, not
about life in years," Katz said, raising the question of quality of
A recent analysis by the Institute of Medicine suggests that
increases in life span in the United States are not matched by
increases in "health span" -- time spent living in good health,
"A long life with a high burden of chronic disease -- such as
diabetes, heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD) -- means more time living with illness and disability," he
Life expectancy is greatly influenced by advances in medicine
and the public health system, while the health span is most
affected by lifestyle practices, in particular the quality of diet,
physical activity and avoiding tobacco, Katz explained.
"The next chapter in medical advance will need to be as much
about lifestyle as medicine if we are to add life to years along
with years to life," he said.
To learn more about life expectancy, visit the
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and