FRIDAY, May 3 (HealthDay News) -- Teen girls have a more
difficult time kicking their methamphetamine habit than boys,
according to a small new study which suggests that new methods are
needed to treat methamphetamine abuse in girls.
The study included 10 girls and nine boys, average age of 17,
with methamphetamine addiction who were receiving counseling and
were given either the antidepressant bupropion or a placebo.
The teens who took bupropion provided far fewer
methamphetamine-free urine samples than those who took the placebo,
which suggests that bupropion did not work as a treatment for
methamphetamine addiction, the researchers said.
They also found that boys in both groups had more than twice as
many methamphetamine-free urine drug tests than girls in both
groups, according to the study, which was published in the April
issue of the
Journal of Adolescent Health.
"The greater severity of methamphetamine problems in adolescent
girls compared to boys -- combined with results of studies in
adults that also found women to be more susceptible to
methamphetamine than men -- suggests that the gender differences in
methamphetamine addiction observed in adults may actually begin in
adolescence," study lead author Dr. Keith Heinzerling, a health
sciences assistant clinical professor of family medicine at the
David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California,
Los Angeles, said in a university news release.
The findings indicate the need for research to develop new ways
to improve addiction treatment for girls, the researchers said.
The U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse has more about