An ostomy creates an opening in the abdominal wall. A urostomy reroutes urine so that urine can pass through this new opening to a bag outside the body. Sometimes an internal pouch is created using the intestine.
You should be able to return to normal activities after your urostomy.
The Female Urinary System
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A urostomy may be needed if urine is not able to pass through the urinary system. Most of the time, a urostomy is needed because of problems with the bladder such as:. Bladder cancerBirth defectsChronic inflammationNerve-muscle control problems
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems like: Skin irritationsFluid build-up in the abdomenUrine flow blockageDamage to other organsBleedingInfectionBlood clots
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications, such as: SmokingDrinkingChronic diseases, such as diabetes or obesity
Your doctor will go over your family and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Part of the exam may include tests, like: Urine testsBlood testsCystoscopyMRI or CT scansUrography
You may also need to: Discuss any allergies or allergies to medications that you have.Tell your doctor about any medications, herbs, or supplements you take.Arrange for a ride from the hospital and help at home.Not eat or drink the night before your surgery.
You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
An incision is made in the abdomen. A piece of intestine will be removed. The tubes that pass urine to the bladder will be detached from the bladder. The tubes are then reattached to the intestine that was removed. The other end of the intestine is then brought through the abdominal wall to form a stoma. One end is closed together to make a pouch that holds urine inside the body. The bladder may or may not be removed.
The abdomen will be closed. Stitches or staples will be used to close the skin.
You will be taken to the recovery room where your pulse, blood pressure, and temperature will be monitored.
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
You will be in the hospital for a few days. Your doctor may keep you in the hospital longer if you have any complications.
At the hospital, you will: Walk as soon as you are able to help prevent blood clots.Receive nutrition through an IV until your gastrointestinal tract is functioning again.Learn how to change the urine pouch and dispose of urine.Learn how to take care of the stoma.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing your hands often and reminding your healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masksNot allowing others to touch your incision
When you return home: Care for your stoma as directed.Change your pouch on a regular schedule.When it is okay to get the stoma wet, do not use bath oils or salts in the water.Care for the incision site and monitor it for signs of infection.
It is important for you to monitor your recovery after you leave the hospital. Alert your doctor to any problems right away. If any of the following occur, call your doctor: Fever or chillsPersistent nausea or vomitingPain that you cannot control with the medications you have been givenUnusual discharge such as pus, extreme cloudiness, or strong odorRedness, swelling, or excessive bleeding from the stoma siteUnusual changes in stoma size or colorChange in urine frequency or amountBack or abdominal painCough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Bladder cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. May 6, 2014. Accessed May 13, 2014.
Urostomy: A guide. American Cancer Society website. Available at:
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002931-pdf.pdf. Updated March 17, 2011. Accessed May 13, 2014.
Urostomy guide. United Ostomy Associations of America website. Available at:
http://www.ostomy.org/ostomy_info/pubs/UrostomyGuide.pdf. Updated 2011. Accessed May 13, 2014.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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