is a mineral found in many different foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, milk, dried beans, and peas. Potassium helps maintain normal blood pressure and also helps muscles, including the heart, to contract properly.
When combined with a low-sodium diet, a diet high in potassium may help lower
high blood pressure
. This can help lower the risk of
and other complications of high blood pressure. If you have kidney problems, you should not follow a high-potassium diet. Talk to your doctor before changing your diet.
The below chart shows the healthy foods that are highest in potassium in each food category. If you are eating a high potassium diet to help lower your blood pressure, choose foods from this list. You should also follow a
|Food Category||Food High in Potassium|
|Grains|| Bran muffinCerealGranola or muesli with fruit and/or nutsWheat germ|
|Vegetables|| ArtichokesAvocadosBeets, beet greensBroccoliBrussels sproutsKaleKohlrabiMushroomsParsnipsPotatoesRutabagaSpinachSweet potatoSwiss chardTomatoesTomato or vegetable juiceWinter squashZucchini|
|Fruits|| ApricotsBananaCantaloupeDatesDried figsGrapefruit juiceHoneydew melonKiwiMangoNectarineOrangePapayaPearPomegranate, pomegranate juicePumpkinPrunes, prune juiceRaisins|
|Milk|| ButtermilkLow-fat chocolate milkMilkSoy milkYogurt|
|Meats and Beans|| Beans, baked and limaChickenClamsCrabFishLean ground beefNuts (almonds, Brazil, cashew, hazelnuts, mixed peanuts)PistachiosPeanut butterPorkRoast beefSeeds (sunflower, pumpkin)Turkey|
|Fats and Oils|| AvocadoNuts and nut butters|
Eat a diet rich in whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. These foods tend to be naturally high in potassium, in addition to being loaded with other important vitamins and minerals.Work with a dietitian to develop an individualized eating plan.
Kidney diseaes: high- and low-potassium foods. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics website. Available at: http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=4294967541. Accessed May 8, 2014.
Potassium and your CKD diet. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/potassium.cfm. Accessed May 8, 2014.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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