Social support refers to a person’s network of relationships with other people. It can be defined in terms of:
Quantity—how many relationships a person hasQuality—the type of relationships a person has and how satisfied a person is with those relationships
Studies have found that social support often plays a role in health and well-being. Many researchers believe that social support can help:
Improve mental and emotional well-beingReduce stress and stress-related illnessesImprove recovery from illnessIncrease resistance to disease
Other benefits that may be derived from social support include:
CompanionshipEmotional supportAssistanceFinancial or material helpInformation and advice
Take a look at your current social network. Assess your level of satisfaction with the quantity and quality of your relationships.
How satisfied are you with the number of relationships you have and the amount of time you socialize with others?
How many close and/or dependable relationships do you have with people within one hour’s drive from your home? Consider relationships with:
FamilyFriendsNeighborsCoworkersOthersDo you spend time with someone who does not live with you?Do you talk to friends or relatives on the phone, via email, or text message?Do you go to meetings, social clubs, or other groups?Do you belong to online social networking sites or support groups for people with similar life situations?
How satisfied are you in your relationships with family and friends? In the majority of these relationships, do you feel that you are:
UnderstoodLoved, or at least appreciatedHeardInformedUsefulAble to talk about your deepest problems with at least some of themThat you have a definite role or placeAble to be yourself
Almost everyone can benefit from some type of social skills training. Consider classes, therapy, and books that can help you:
Overcome social fears or phobiasBecome more assertiveDevelop higher self-esteemInitiate and sustain conversationsDeepen relationships through self-disclosure and empathy
Getting involved in activities in your community is a great way to meet people. Here are some ideas:
Local night schools, colleges, and universities may offer a variety of enrichment classes. You can learn a new skill, make new friends, and share your interests with others.Join a church or spiritual group. These can be great places to meet others. Many people also find that they feel less lonely and more connected when they develop their spiritual interests.Actively participate in a group. Speak up, take a key position, or volunteer to head up special events.
The following are some ideas to help you get to know people in your neighborhood and community.
Go for walks in your neighborhood. Say hello to neighbors and introduce yourself.Shop regularly at neighborhood stores and shops.Become a regular at a local park, beach, coffeehouse, museum, or sporting event.Consider hosting a block party. Send invitations to your neighbors.Start a community improvement project or run for office.Join a local health club or sports team.
By risking a little, you can gain a lot. Here are some tips to help you:
Talk to other people first and don’t let fear of rejection stop you. Look for something to start a conversation. Let your personality show.Don’t be afraid to respond to strangers who initiate conversation, as long as they don’t seem overly aggressive or dangerous.Your friends don’t have to be just like you. Consider friends of both sexes. Open yourself up to people from various age groups and cultures.
Support groups are for people who share a common problem. Most communities have support groups concerning issues such as divorce, bereavement, single parenting,
cancer, and caregiving. Consider forming your own group. You can find resources at your local library or online.
Volunteers are needed almost everywhere—hospitals, nursing homes, charities, churches, and so on. Contribute your talents to a cause that makes you happy. Create your own opportunity.
A compatible roommate can ease some of the loneliness, as well as share some expenses. Interview potential roommates carefully. If you’re looking for a place to live, pay attention to signs of friendly housing.
After relationships develop, they must be maintained—something that takes time and effort. Here are some tips:
Keep in touch on a regular basis—call, write, or get together.Work together on a project or hobby.Remember that different people are comfortable with different levels of intimacy. Gauge the level of intimacy that works for both parties.Share feelings, memories, dreams, disappointments, experiences, and humor.Listen and allow the other person to share.Give the relationship time to grow.Keep working on developing the relationship, even if it’s uncomfortable at times.
Many people find that a pet helps to fulfill their needs for warmth, affection, and companionship.
How stress affects your health. American Psychological Association website. Available at:
http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/stress.aspx. Updated 2013. Accessed February 18, 2014.
Lyumbomirsky S, King L, Denier E. The benefits of frequent positive affect: does happiness lead to success? Psych. 2005;131(6):803-855. American Psychological Association website. Available at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/bul-1316803.pdf. Accessed February 18, 2014.
Review of research challenges assumption that success makes people happy: happiness may lead to success via positive emotions. American Psychological Association website. Available at:
http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2005/12/success.aspx. Published December 18, 2005. Accessed February 18, 2014.
Last reviewed February 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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