The mediastinum is surrounded by the breastbone in front, the spine in back, and the lungs on each side. Mediastinal tumor resection removes tumors in this area of the chest cavity.
Regions of the Lung
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Cancerous tumors must be removed to prevent local tissue damage and the spread of cancer. Without removal or treatment, the cancer could spread to other areas of the body. The cancer could also start to compress organs in the chest, such as the heart, lungs, esophagus, or spinal cord.
People who have this surgery often have a better prognosis than those who receive either
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like: Damage to the areas surrounding the tumor, including the heart, lungs, and spinal cordFluid collecting between the lung tissue lining and the wall of the chest cavityLung collapseDrainage, infection, or bleeding
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as: SmokingDrinking
Chronic diseases, such as
Before the surgery, your doctor may do the following: Physical examBlood tests
Take images of structures inside your body using
CT scan, or
Leading up to the surgery:
Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.
Eat a light meal the night before the surgery. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital.Arrange for help at home.
To remove the tumor, the doctor will make one large, central incision in the chest, an incision between the ribs, or several small incisions. If several small incisions are made, a camera will be inserted into one incision. The camera will allow the doctor to view the area via monitor. Through the other incisions, surgical tools will be inserted.
Tubes may be inserted into your chest. These tubes will help to drain fluid and air from the chest cavity. The incisions will be closed with staples or stitches.
The breathing tube will be removed. You will be monitored closely for any complications from the procedure.
About 1-4 hours depending on the type of surgery
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
This surgery is done in a hospital setting. The usual length of stay is 4 days. Your doctor may choose to keep you longer if complications arise.
After your recover from surgery, you may need
You will be given a
clear liquid diet.
You will be instructed to practice deep breathing and coughing to help your lungs recover.
Any chest tubes will be removed before you go home.
When you are home: Avoid lifting objects heavier than 5 pounds.Do not to drive for 4-6 weeks.Follow instructions your doctor's instructions.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing your hands often and reminding your healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masksNot allowing others to touch your incision
It is important for you to monitor your recovery after you leave the hospital. Alert your doctor to any problems right away. If any of the following occur, call your doctor: Signs of infection, including fever and chillsRedness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision sitePain that you cannot control with the medications you've been givenCough, difficulty breathing, or chest painPersistent nausea and/or vomitingLoss of appetitePain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legsNew or worsening symptoms
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Flores RM. Surgical management of primary mediastinal germ cell tumors. The Cardiothoracic Surgery Network website. Available at:
http://www.ctsnet.org/sections/clinicalresources/thoracic/expert_tech-3.html. Updated January 25, 2010. Accessed February 18, 2016.
Germ cell tumors. Brigham and Women's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.brighamandwomens.org/Departments_and_Services/surgery/thoracic-surgery/thoracic-cancer/germ-cell-tumor.aspx?sub=1#treatment. Updated September 18, 2015. Accessed February 18, 2016.
Liu HP, Yim AP, et al. Thorascopic removal of intrathoracic neurogenic tumors: a combined Chinese experience.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
Last reviewed February 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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