Conduct disorder is a childhood emotional and behavioral disorder characterized by disruptive behavior. Children with conduct disorder have difficulty following rules and behaving in a socially acceptable manner.
While no specific cause of conduct disorder has been identified, the following are thought to possibly contribute to the development of conduct disorder: Brain damageGenetics
This area of the brain is associated with appropriate social behavior. A combination of genetics affecting this area and life experiences may cause conduct disorder.
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Conduct disorder is more likely in male children younger than 18 years old, usually 7-8 years and older.
The following factors are thought to increase the risk of conduct disorder: A history of child abusePoor family functioningFamily members with substance abuse problemsFailure in schoolTraumatic life experiences
Symptoms of conduct disorder may include: Bullying behaviorPhysical fightsUse of a weaponPhysical cruelty to people or animalsStealing or lyingForced sexual activityDeliberate destruction of propertySerious violations of rulesStarting fires
You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your child may be referred to a mental health professional for evaluation.
Diagnosis is based on behaviors that violate social norms or the basic rights of others.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for your child. Treatment options include:
Experts can help parents learn to manage their child’s behavior and emotional problems.
Behavior therapy and psychotherapy can help children learn to appropriately express and control their anger.
Psychiatric medications may benefit children with conduct disorder when used in combination with some form of therapy.
If you are concerned your child may be at risk for conduct disorder, talk with your child's doctor about early intervention options.
Conduct disorder. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at:
Updated August 2013. Accessed May 29, 2014.
Conduct disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
Updated October 1, 2013.
Accessed May 29, 2014.
Holmes SE, Slaughter JR, et al. Risk factors in childhood that lead to the development of conduct disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
Child Psych Hum Dev.
Last reviewed May 2014 by Kari Kassir, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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