The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications only as recommended by your doctor, and according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
There are several prescription medications available to treat rosacea. They are used to control the redness and clear up bumps and pustules on your face. You may be given medication to apply to your skin (topical) and medication to take by mouth (oral). It may take a few weeks to see results. Once your symptoms have cleared, you may need to continue taking medication to keep rosacea under control.
Common names include: MetronidazoleClindamycinClindamycin and benzoyl peroxideSulfur and sodium sulfacetamide
Topical antibiotics are applied to your skin to help reduce the redness and pimples of rosacea. You may have to use this medication for at least nine weeks before seeing improvement. The long-term use of metronidazole helps maintain remission in most people with rosacea. Use cosmetics sparingly and make sure they are oil-free (noncomedogenic) to reduce irritation.
Possible side effects include: Dry skinRedness, stinging, and burning of the skinWatering of the eyes
Common names include: TetracyclineMinocyclineErythromycinDoxycyclineMetronidazole
If you have a more severe case of rosacea, your doctor may prescribe an oral antibiotic. Doxycycline, minocycline, and less commonly tetracycline, and erythromycin are often used to treat rosacea. Some people respond quickly, while others require long-term therapy.
Possible side effects include: Increased skin sensitivity to sunlightStomach cramps or burning sensationDiarrheaLight-headedness
Tretinoin helps to treat acne by keeping skin pores clear. Tretinoin should not be used during pregnancy. Benzoyl peroxide increases turnover of skin cells. By doing so, it helps keep pores cleaner which helps reduce the chance of infection. It should also not be used with some other types of medication and skin products. Ask your doctor for a list of products that should not be used with tretinoin.
Possible side effects include: Burning feeling or stinging skinLightening of the treated skinPeeling of skinRedness of skinUnusual dryness of skin
Isotretinoin is used to treat severe or therapy-resistant rosacea if other medications have failed to help. However, isotretinoin is linked to a number of adverse effects, some of which can be severe. The most serious potential adverse effect is that it can cause birth defects in pregnant women who take it.
Therefore, you should not be pregnant or get pregnant while taking isotretinoin.
If you are a woman of childbearing age, you must use an appropriate birth control method one month before the initiation of therapy, during the entire course of therapy, and until two months after stopping taking the drug. Your doctor will order a pregnancy test before therapy is started and every month during therapy. Also, you should not donate blood while taking this medication or for 30 days after you stop taking it, in the event that it could be donated to a pregnant woman.
Possible side effects include: Dryness of the mouth, nose, eyes, and skinHeadacheSensitivity to sunlightUpset stomachFatigueThinning of hairDepression
Cortisone creams can decrease inflammation in the skin. However, they can also cause the skin to become too thin, so they should be used for only brief periods of time (1-2 weeks). Furthermore, although cortisone will produce fast improvement in rosacea, the disease will flare very soon after discontinuation. Therefore, cortisone should not be used for long-term treatment of rosacea.
Possible side effects include: Thinning of the skinIncreased skin fragilityAcne-like breakoutWorsening of rosacea upon discontinuation
This is an acid compound that works to kill bacteria on the skin and helps the skin turnover to newer, healthier skin.
Possible side effects include: