The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs can reduce pain or discomfort.

Over-the-counter and prescription NSAIDs:

    
  • Ibuprofen
  • Naproxen
  • Prescription NSAIDs:

        
  • Diclofenac
  • Indomethacin
  • Possible side effects include:

        
  • Abdominal pain, cramps, or discomfort
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Rash
  • Prescription Opioids

    Opioids may be used in cases of moderate to severe pain. Examples include:

        
  • Hydromorphone
  • Morphine
  • Possible side effects include:

        
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Medications for Kidney Stone Prevention

    Other medical conditions can put you at a high risk for kidney stones. You may be prescribed medication that will treat or manage the condition while reducing the risk of kidney stone development. They include:

    Potassium Citrate

    Common names include:

        
  • Polycitra-K
  • Urocit-K
  • Citrates are used to make the urine more alkaline. This helps prevent some kinds of kidney stones from forming.

    Allopurinol

    Common name: Zyloprim

    This medication reduces the amount of uric acid in the blood. This helps to control gout and to minimize the formation of uric acid kidney stones.

    Hydrochlorothiazide

    Common names include:

        
  • Esidrix
  • Hydro-chlor
  • Hydro-D
  • HydroDIURIL
  • Microzide
  • Oretic
  • Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic and is usually used to treat high blood pressure. It also helps to decrease the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. In addition, it is used to prevent calcium-containing stones from forming. Diuretics can cause the body to lose potassium.

    Acetohydroxamic Acid

    Common name: Lithostat

    This medication is used in combination with antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infections that lead to the formation of struvite kidney stones. This drug should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Since this drug is associated with a high rate of side effects, such as deep vein thrombosis and hemolytic anemia , its use is limited.

    Cellulose Sodium Phosphate

    Common name: Calcibind

    This medication is used to prevent the formation of calcium-containing kidney stones in people who absorb too much calcium from the gastrointestinal tract.

    Mercaptopropionylglycine

    Common names include:

        
  • Tiopronin
  • Thiola
  • This medication is used to control the formation of cystine stones.

    Penicillamine

    Common names include:

        
  • Cuprimine
  • Depen
  • Penicillamine is used to treat cystine stones.

    Special Considerations

    If you are taking medications, follow these general guidelines:

        
  • Take the medication as directed. Do not change the amount or the schedule.
  • Ask what side effects could occur. Report them to your doctor.
  • Talk to your doctor before you stop taking any prescription medication.
  • Plan ahead for refills if you need them.
  • Do not share your prescription medication with anyone.
  • Medications can be dangerous when mixed. Talk to your doctor if you are taking more than one medication, including over-the-counter products and supplements.
  • When to Contact Your Doctor

    Call your doctor immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms, including:

        
  • Mental confusion
  • Mood changes
  • Muscle spasms
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Peripheral neuropathy—numbness of arms and legs
  • Bruising
  • Rash
  • Weakness