The foot is a complex structure of 26 bones, 33 joints, and many muscles, ligaments, and nerves. Only a small number of Americans are born with foot problems. Most problems develop due to neglect and poor care, including ill-fitting shoes. Some disorders begin early in life and are affected by heredity, walking patterns, and geography. However, most foot pain occurs as feet change with age or diseases develop over time. Most Americans will have foot pain at some point in their lives.
Normal Anatomy of the Left Foot
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Common causes of foot pain include: Poor-fitting shoesHigh-heeled shoesPoor postureHigh impact exercise, such as running
Foot pain may also be caused by systemic diseases. Examples include: Arthritis
rheumatoid arthritis)—Arthritis can cause stiffness and reduced range of motion.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)—This condition affects the legs and feet by causing reduced blood flow, swelling, and increased risk of infection.
Diabetes—A common complication of diabetes is reduced blood flow, which causes a number of problems in the legs and feet including abnormal sensation, swelling, and increased risk of infection.
Gout—A build up of uric acid crystals in one or several joints causing pain and inflammation. The most common joint affected is the big toe.
Foot care. American Diabetes Association website. Available at:
http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/foot-complications/foot-care.html. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Foot care. National Institute on Aging website. Available at:
https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/foot-care. Updated April 18, 2012. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Foot care 101. American Podiatric Medical Association website. Available at:
http://www.apma.org/files/FileDownloads/myFEETFootCare101.pdf. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Foot care basics: preventing and treating common foot conditions. Harvard Medical School website. Available at:
http://www.health.harvard.edu/special_health_reports/Foot_Care_Basics. Accessed December 28, 2012.
Last reviewed March 2016 by James Cornell, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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