The major lifestyle measures recommended for
AIDS and HIV
Decreasing your risk of infections and keeping your immune system healthyPreventing the spread of HIV to othersEmotional support and counseling
If you are infected with HIV, your immune system may not be able to fight off other infections. Suggestions to lower your risk of infections and to keep your immune system as healthy as possible include: Wash your hands
often and always after using the bathroom and before preparing food.
Clean under your fingernails.Use hand cream to prevent dry skin.Cover any cuts or sores.Avoid unnecessary contact with people who are ill.
recommended by your doctor.
Do not handle cat litter boxes or stool (feces).Do not touch bird droppings or fish tank water.Wear gloves when gardening.Keep the house clean, using bleach to clean toilets.Do not eat raw eggs, fish, or shellfish.Eat meats, poultry, and fish that are cooked to well-done.Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
healthy, well balanced diet
, or use
Get adequate rest.Exercise regularly.Keep up with your doctor visits. Ask questions about new lifestyle changes including travel plans you are considering. Your doctor can help you lower the risk of infections.
Having sex or sharing needles with another person can transmit HIV.
To avoid infecting anyone else: Abstain from sex. If you are sexually active, use a male latex condom. Sexual activity includes intercourse and any other sexual acts that result in the exchange of bodily fluids.Inform former or potential sexual partners of your HIV-positive status.Do not share personal items, such as razors, toothbrushes, or tweezers.Do not donate blood, tissue, fluids, or organs.Talk to your doctor about contraception options.If you have a baby, do not breastfeed.
The virus can be transmitted in your milk.
with a mental health professional can:
Improve your coping strategies for dealing with the physical symptoms of AIDSHelp you tell your family and friends that you have HIV infectionAssist you in dealing with the stress and anger that often accompanies diagnosis of HIV infectionHelp you deal with losses associated with the disease, such as the inability to work and dependence on others for housekeeping or personal care
Cognitive behavioral therapy
(CBT) is a form of counseling that focuses on how your thoughts affect the way you feel and act. CBT can help relieve stress, diminish feelings of anger, and improve symptoms of
In addition, you may find benefit from attending
. Other types of therapy, like art therapy, may also be helpful.
Contact your doctor if you notice new or worsening health problems or symptoms.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at:
http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV and AIDS. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at:
http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/hiv-and-aids.html. Updated December 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at:
http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/Pages/whatAreHIVAIDS.aspx. Accessed May 15, 2013.
Last reviewed September 2014 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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