A painless lump or swelling in either testicleEnlargement or swelling of a testicle, or a change in the way it feelsFeeling of heaviness in the scrotumA dull ache in the lower abdomen or groinFluid or swelling in the scrotum, especially (though not exclusively) if it appears suddenlyPain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotumLower back pain (in later stages of the cancer)Enlarged breasts
Any of these symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions. If you experience any one of them, see your physician.
The best way to discover testicular cancer is by finding it yourself when it is small. As with all cancers, the best results come from early treatment.
For more information on how to do a testicular self-exam,
Manual of Clinical Oncology.
5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.
Cashen AF, Wildes TM.
The Washington Manual of Hematology and Oncology Subspecialty Consult.
2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolter Kluwers Health; 2008.
Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center website. Available at:
http://cpmcnet.columbia.edu. Accessed January 31, 2006.
Fauci AS, Braunwald E, et al.
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.
National Cancer Institute
website. Available at:
http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed January 31, 2006.
Last reviewed September 2014 by Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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