The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special safety measures. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.

Studies have shown that certain medications can help to ease symptoms of anxiety, depression, and insomnia in people with PTSD. More research is being done on drugs that target the biological changes of PTSD.

Prescription Medications

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

    
  • Zoloft
  • Paroxetine
  • Fluoxetine
  • Beta-blockers

        
  • Propranolol
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

    Common names include:

        
  • Sertraline
  • Paroxetine
  • Fluoxetine
  • SSRIs affect the concentration of serotonin, a neurotransmitter. This is a brain chemical that plays a role in depression and anxiety. SSRIs have been used to treat depression and anxiety. They are often considered the first-line medication to treat PTSD. Paroxetine and Sertraline have been approved by the FDA to treat PTSD. Improvement is usually seen in four to six weeks after beginning treatment.

    Possible side effects include:

        
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Insomnia
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Weight gain
  • Risk of severe mood and behavior changes, including suicidal thoughts in some patients (Young adults may be at a higher risk for this side effect.)