At this time, there are no specific guidelines for the prevention of
because the cause is unknown; however, women who have had children and who have breastfed them are at lower risk for developing ovarian cancer.
Genetic testing may help identify patients who should consider having a
salpingo-oophorectomy. This procedure involves removing both ovaries and the fallopian tubes. It may be done, in some cases, to prevent ovarian cancer in high-risk women, such as:
Women with a first degree relative with ovarian or
breast cancerWomen who have had breast cancer before age 40Women who test positive for a genetic mutation (BRCA1 or BRCA2)
The surgery is the only proven method to reduce the risk of getting this often fatal disease.
To reduce your risk:
Have an annual health checkup with a pelvic examEat a low-fat diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables. Maintain a healthy weight so the doctor can easily feel your ovaries
Kasper DL, Harrison TR.
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine.
14th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1998.
Ovarian cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated December 2013. Accessed January 3, 2014
Ovarian cancer. National Cancer Institute
website. Available at:
Accessed January 3, 2014.
Last reviewed January 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
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