At this time, there are no specific guidelines for the prevention of
because the cause is unknown; however, women who have had children and who have breastfed them are at lower risk for developing ovarian cancer.
Genetic testing may help identify patients who should consider having a
. This procedure involves removing both ovaries and the fallopian tubes. It may be done, in some cases, to prevent ovarian cancer in high-risk women, such as:
Women with a first degree relative with ovarian or
breast cancerWomen who have had breast cancer before age 40Women who test positive for a genetic mutation (BRCA1 or BRCA2)
The surgery is the only proven method to reduce the risk of getting this often fatal disease.
To reduce your risk: Have an annual health checkup with a pelvic examEat a low-fat diet that includes lots of fruits and vegetables.Maintain a healthy weight so the doctor can easily feel your ovariesTalk to your doctor about whether aspirin would help lower your risk of ovarian cancer.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR.
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine.
14th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 1998.
Ovarian cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated December 2013. Accessed January 3, 2014
Ovarian cancer. National Cancer Institute
website. Available at:
Accessed January 3, 2014.
2/4/2015 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Trabert B, Ness, RB. Aspirin, nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and acetaminophen use and risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer: a pooled analysis in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Feb;106(2):djt431.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
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