A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop osteoarthritis with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing osteoarthritis. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
You have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis if you have or have had: Past injury to a jointPrevious surgery to the jointHistory of infection in a jointInherited abnormalities of the jointWeakness of muscles around a jointAcromegaly
(a pituitary disorder)
Increasing age puts you at increased risk for osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is more common in women than in men.
Osteoarthritis tends to run in families.
You are more likely to develop osteoarthritis if you: Are overweight or obese—risk of osteoporosis increases with increasing body weightWork at a job or participate intensely in an athletic pursuit that requires a lot of lifting, squatting, or repetitive joint use
Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Foundation
website. Available at:
Accessed July 23, 2013.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Osteoarthritis/default.asp. Updated July 2010. Accessed July 23, 2013.
Sinusas, K. Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and treatment.
Am Fam Physician. 2012;85(1):49-56.
9/3/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Zhou ZY, Liu YK, et al. Body mass index and knee osteoarthritis risk: A dose-response meta-analysis. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Jul [Epub ahead of print].
Last reviewed May 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing. All rights reserved.