Lifestyle changes can help you prevent further damage to your liver and prevent the spread of the disease to others.
Avoid ingesting anything that can cause additional liver damage, such as: AlcoholCertain medications—Acetaminophen and other medications can affect your liver. Check with your doctor before using any new prescription or over the counter medications, herbs, or supplements.
Talk to your doctor about vaccines that may be available to prevent other types of viral hepatitis.
Practicing proper hygiene techniques will help prevent the spread of infection. Do the following: Wash your hands with soap and water after using the bathroom or before and after changing a diaper.Wash your hands with soap and water before eating or preparing food.Do not prepare food for others without your doctor's permission if you have any form of hepatitis. Some types of hepatitis may be spread by food handling.Carefully clean all household utensils after use.
drug use, especially with shared needles. If you use IV drugs, talk to your doctor about getting
Tell your doctors, dentists, sexual partner, and close personal contacts that you have hepatitis.Never donate blood, organs, or tissue if you have hepatitis.Discuss your hepatitis status with your doctor during pregnancy or, preferably, before becoming pregnant to ensure the baby receives appropriate treatment.
or abstain from sex.
Limit your number of sexual partners. A mutually monogamous relationship is best.
Do not share personal items that might have blood or body fluids on them, such as:
RazorsToothbrushesManicuring toolsPierced earrings
If you suspect you have hepatitis but have not received medical careIf you have any questions about hepatitis
Hepatitis A. American Liver Foundation website. Available at:
Updated August 17, 2010. Accessed January 19, 2011.
Overview of acute viral hepatitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hepatic-and-biliary-disorders/hepatitis/overview-of-acute-viral-hepatitis. Updated June 2010. Accessed January 19, 2011.
Overview of chronic viral hepatitis. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hepatic-and-biliary-disorders/hepatitis/overview-of-chronic-hepatitis. Updated July 2010. Accessed January 19, 2011.
Viral hepatitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
Updated October 15, 2010. Accessed January 19, 2011.
What I need to know about Hepatitis B. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
Accessed January 19, 2011.
Last reviewed March 2016 by David L. Horn, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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