There are different types of psychological therapies that are available to treat
fibromyalgia. Examples include:
(CBT)—This is a form of talk therapy that focuses on your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Relaxation-based therapy—This includes learning strategies, like meditation, to reduce stress.Biofeedback—During a biofeedback session, a therapist guides you to relax certain muscles or control breathing, while an electronic device shows your body’s response.
Other therapies that may help to alleviate fibromyalgia pain and symptoms include:
Physical therapyHeat treatmentsMassageAcupunctureTrigger point therapyMyofascial release (a special type of therapy that involves manipulating connective tissue with pressure)
alternative and complementary therapies
for more information about acupuncture and fibromyalgia.
Biofeedback. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 1, 2009. Accessed June 18, 2010.
Fibromyalgia Network website. Available at:
Kassel K. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). EBSCO Health Library website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated November 23, 2009. Accessed June 18, 2010.
6/18/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Palermo TM, Eccleston C, et al. Randomized controlled trials of psychological therapies for management of chronic pain in children and adolescents: an updated meta-analytic review.
2/9/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Castro-Sánchez AM, Matarán-Peñarrocha GA, et al. Effects of myofascial release techniques on pain, physical function, and postural stability in patients with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial.
Last reviewed September 2012 by Rimas Lukas, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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