Taking preventive measures may prevent some cases of epilepsy . These measures include:

    
  • Preventing seizures due to head injuries by:     
  • Wearing seat belts and bicycle helmets
  • Putting children in car seats
  • Treating a seizure properly by:     
  • Seeking medical help immediately after suffering a first seizure
  • Taking medication after the first or second seizure
  • Getting good prenatal care to help prevent brain damage to a developing fetus:     
  • Treatment for high blood pressure
  • Treatment for any infections
  • Maintaining proper nutrition, including adequate vitamin intake
  • Avoiding excess alcohol intake
  • Avoiding cigarettes or illegal drug use
  • Treating high fevers (especially in children) with medication
  • Taking steps to prevent or control certain medical conditions, including:     
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Infections
  • Any disorder that may affect or injure your brain
  • Avoiding:     
  • Illicit drugs
  • Excessive amounts of alcohol