symptoms of eczema may include: Itching (most common symptom)Dry skinRash, usually consisting of red or scaly areas of skin
Areas commonly affected by eczema are:
Infants: face, neck, extensor surfaces, trunk, groinChildren: front of elbows, behind kneesAdults: front of elbows, behind knees, face, neck, upper chestRash may develop oozing or crustingThickening and leathery quality of skin with chronic eczema (known as lichen simplex chronicus)Paleness around the mouthExtra fold of skin beneath lower eyelid (Dennies or Morgans line)Increased number of skin creases on the palms
Increased Incidence of Skin Infections
Signs of possible skin infection that may require prompt medical attention include: Redness and swellingYellowish crustingDrainage
Emotional Effects of Eczema
The severity of eczema and the frequency and duration of outbreaks will vary among people. In severe cases, quality of life may be compromised. In addition to physical discomfort, people with eczema may develop emotional problems, such as
or anxiety. People with eczema may experience social difficulties due to visible skin rashes.
Eczema and its treatment may be particularly difficult for children, especially when skin involvement is quite severe.
The American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at:
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
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