Anything that causes irritation, inflammation, fluid retention, or an abnormal growth in or around the carpal tunnel can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, including: Repetitive movements of the hands, wrists, or fingers—especially overactive use of a computer keyboard, certain musical instruments, or hand toolsUse of vibrating equipment or toolsA narrow carpal tunnel (due to heredity or other causes)
BurnsBroken bonesCompression or crush injuries
leading to swelling within the carpal tunnel
, which impairs blood flow in the hands
Water retention due to:
Kidney diseaseAmyloidosisCoronary artery disease
Hormone-related conditions, such as:
PregnancyBreastfeedingMenopauseHypothyroidismCushing's diseaseExcess growth hormone
Medications, such as:
Birth control pillsCortisone pills or shotsSome high blood pressure drugsTumors and cysts in the carpal tunnel
Carpal tunnel syndrome: a practical review.
Am Fam Physician.
Patijn J, Vallejo R, Janssen M, et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome.
Pain Pract. 2011;11(3):297-301.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Teresa Briedwell, PT, DPT, OCS, CSCS
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing. All rights reserved.