The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.

Screening Tests

The digital rectal exam can detect BPH . This involves your doctor inserting a gloved finger into the lower rectum. From here, your doctor can estimate the size of your prostate, identify some (but not all) cancers, and find anal diseases.

A prostate specific antigen (PSA) test may be done as a screening tool for prostate cancer (not for BPH). Unfortunately, men with prostate cancer or BPH can have high PSA levels. Other prostate conditions such as prostatitis can also lead to high PSA levels. More tests or studies may need to be done to determine that exact cause of the high PSA level.