Because prostate enlargement occurs naturally with advancing age, and because there are no known controllable risk factors, there are no guidelines for prevention. Prostate enlargement is more common in men with obesity and low HDL cholesterol levels. Some research shows that factors like a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, regular exercise, and not smoking may help.
Gacci M, Corona G, et al. Metabolic syndrome and benign prostatic enlargement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJU Int. 2015 Jan;115(1):24-31.
McClure MW. An overview of holistic medicine and complementary and alternative medicine for the prevention and treatment of BPH, prostatitis, and prostate cancer.
World J Urol. (2002) 20: 273-284.
Last reviewed September 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
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