is a virus that is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites.
Risk factors for getting yellow fever include traveling to an area where yellow fever is present.
Symptoms for yellow fever include: High feverChills and muscle achesYellowing of the skin, known as jaundiceVomitingHeadacheBackache
More serious complications include: ShockBleedingLiver failureKidney failure
Treatment involves taking care of the infected person while they recover. There is no medication to treat the illness.
Illness from yellow fever varies from a self-limited illness to hemorrhagic fever, which can be very severe and lead to death.
The vaccine is a weakened, live form of the yellow fever virus. The vaccine is created by growing the live virus in a lab. The vaccine is administered by a shot.
Vaccination is the best way to prevent yellow fever. The yellow fever vaccine is recommended for those who are traveling to or living in areas where the disease is present. Your doctor will help you decide if the vaccine is right for you. The vaccine may be inappropriate for certain individuals.
Common minor side effects include: FeverSoreness, swelling, or redness at the injection siteMuscle aches
Rare, serious side effects include: Nervous system reactionSevere allergic reactionOrgan failure
The vaccine should not be given to: Infants aged six months or younger—In rare cases when your 6-8 month-old baby must travel to high-risk areas, talk to the doctor about the vaccine.People over the age of 60 are at higher risk for serious complications. If you are traveling to an area of yellow fever risk, consult an infectious disease specialist to find out if vaccination is a good choice for you.
Are severely allergic to eggs, chicken, or gelatin
Have a disease that weakens the immune system, such as
infection—If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
Are receiving treatments that weaken the immune system, such as
cancerHave problems with the thymus or have had their thymus removedAre pregnant—Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of the vaccine if you are traveling to a high-risk area. If you are vaccinated, your doctor may use a blood test to confirm immunity.Are breastfeeding—If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
To decrease your chance of getting yellow fever: Use insect repellentWear long-sleeved shirts and long pantsStay in screened areas
An outbreak of yellow fever in the United States is unlikely since the virus is not geographically present in this country. But, in the event of an outbreak, uninfected people would be vaccinated and precautions would be taken to reduce transmission.
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
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http://www.who.int/wer/2013/wer8820/en/index.html. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Last reviewed May 2014 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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