Apoplexy is bleeding into a cavity or organ. There are various forms of apoplexy, including adrenal apoplexy (bleeding into adrenal glands) and pituitary apoplexy (bleeding into the pituitary gland).
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Apoplexy may be caused by: Expansion of a tumorHormonal imbalanceBlood clotLimited venous drainageAcute illnessDrastic changes in blood volume or blood pressureBlood coagulation disorders
Factors that increase your chance of developing apoplexy include: Hormonal insufficiencyPrevious surgeryBleeding disordersInjury
If you have any of these symptoms do not assume it is due to apoplexy. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions. Apoplexy can cause: HeadacheNauseaLoss of visionDouble visionAltered mental statusShockPainFatigue
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Initial treatment will be done to stabilize you. Once you have been stabilized, treatment options will be chosen based on the cause and location of your apoplexy. Options include: Medications—to correct hormonal imbalancesSurgery—tumor removal if the tumor is the cause
There is no known way to prevent apoplexy.
Last reviewed November 2012 by Kim Carmichael, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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