A groin strain is a partial or complete tear of the small fibers of the adductor muscles. The adductors are a group of muscles located on the inner side of the thigh. They start in the groin area and run down the inner thigh to attach to the inner side of the knee.
Groin strain is a common sports-related injury. Treatment depends on the severity of the strain.
Muscles of the Groin
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A groin strain can be caused by: Stretching the adductor muscles beyond the amount of tension they can withstandSuddenly putting stress on the adductor muscles when they are not ready for stressOverusing the adductor muscles over timeGetting a direct blow to the adductor muscles
Factors that may increase your chance of developing a groin strain include: Participation in sports that require bursts of speed. This includes track sports like running, hurdles, or long jump. Other sports include basketball, soccer, football, or rugby.Previous strain or injury to the area.Muscle fatigue or weakness.Tight groin muscles.Poor conditioning.Imbalance of musculatureAbnornality of bone structure
Symptoms may include: Pain and tenderness in the groin areaStiffness in the groin areaWeakness of the adductor musclesBruising in the groin area if blood vessels are brokenPopping or snapping sensation as the muscle tears
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Most groin strains can be diagnosed with a physical exam. Your doctor may want images of the area if severe damage is suspected. Images may be taken with
Muscle strains are graded according to their severity: Grade 1—Some stretching with micro-tearing of muscle fibers.Grade 2—Partial tearing of muscle fibers.Grade 3—Complete tearing of muscle fibers. This may also be called a rupture or avulsion.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Recovery time ranges depending on the grade of your injury. Treatment steps may include:
Your muscle will need time to heal. Avoid activities that place extra stress on these muscles: Do not do activities that cause pain. This includes running, jumping, and weight lifting using the leg muscles.If normal walking hurts, shorten your stride.Do not play sports until your doctor has said it is safe to do so.
Apply an ice or a cold pack to the area for 15-20 minutes, four times a day, for several days after the injury. Do not apply the ice directly to your skin. Wrap the ice or cold pack in a towel.
To manage pain, your doctor may recommend: Over-the-counter medication, such as aspirin , ibuprofen , or acetaminophenTopical pain medication—creams or patches that are applied to the skinPrescription pain relievers
Use heat only when you are returning to physical activity. Heat may then be used before stretching or getting ready to play sports to help loosen the muscle.
When the acute pain is gone, start gentle stretching as recommended. Stay within pain limits. Hold each stretch for about 10 seconds and repeat six times. Stretch several times a day.
Begin strengthening exercises for your muscles as recommended.
If you are diagnosed with a groin strain, follow your doctor's
To help reduce your chance of getting a groin strain, take the following steps: Keep your adductor muscles strong to absorb the energy of sudden physical stressLearn the proper technique for exercises and sportsWarm up your muscles slowly and stretch them properly
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Am Fam Physician
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Last reviewed February 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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