Corcos J, Gajewski J, et al. Canadian Urological Association guidelines on urinary incontinence.
Can J Urol. 2006;13:3127-3138.
National Association for Continence. Overactive bladder treatment. National Association for Continence website. Available at:
http://www.nafc.org/bladder-bowel-health. Updated September 2011. Accessed September 14, 2012.
Norton P, Brubaker L. Urinary incontinence in women.
Sobhgol SS, Charandabee SM. Related factors of urge, stress, mixed urinary incontinence, and overactive bladder in reproductive age women in Tabriz, Iran: a cross-sectional study.
Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dys Function.
Wein A, ed.
9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, Elsevier; 2007.
Wein AJ, Rackley RR. Overactive bladder: a better understanding of pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management.
J Urol. 2006;175:S5-10.
2/5/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Subak L, Wing R, Smith West D, et al. Weight loss to treat urinary incontinence in overweight and obese women.
N Engl J Med.
3/5/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Vardy MD, Mitcheson HD, Samuels TA, et al. Effects of solifenacin on overactive bladder symptoms, symptom bother and other patient-reported outcomes: results from VIBRANT—a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Int J Clin Pract.
12/3/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Cardozo L, Khullar V, Wang JT, Guan Z, Sand PK.
Fesoterodine in patients with overactive bladder syndrome: can the severity of baseline urgency urinary incontinence predict dosing requirement?
3/5/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Boyle R, Hay-Smith EJ, Cody JD, et al. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and faecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Oct 17;10:CD007471.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.