FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2013 (HealthDay News) -- Only about one-quarter
of orthopedic trauma surgeons have the training needed to recognize
broken bones caused by domestic abuse, according to new
And many of these bone specialists significantly underestimate
how often these types of injuries occur among their patients, even
though they treat many victims of this kind of violence, the study
"In the United States, most orthopedic surgeons receive training
in techniques for recognizing signs of child abuse, but training to
recognize abuse of adults is far less common," Dr. Gregory Della
Rocca, an associate professor of orthopedic surgery at the
University of Missouri School of Medicine, said in a university
Della Rocca's team surveyed 153 orthopedic trauma surgeons,
mostly in North America. The surgeons were asked about medical
professionals' ability to recognize and respond to signs of
intimate-partner violence, and whether that's important. They were
also questioned regarding their beliefs about the causes of
domestic violence. In addition, they were asked to estimate how
many of their patients suffered domestic-violence injuries.
A recently published study found that 40 percent of North
American patients at orthopedic trauma clinics have experienced
domestic violence. However, this University of Missouri survey
found that 74 percent of orthopedic surgeons estimated that only 5
percent or less of their patients were victims of domestic
"In our study, we found that most orthopedic surgeons believe
identifying injuries caused by domestic violence is an important
aspect of providing medical care, and they also believe that
receiving education to recognize signs of intimate-partner violence
could help them to stop violence in some cases," Della Rocca
However, "only 23 percent of the surgeons we surveyed had
received any training on recognizing and responding to
intimate-partner violence," he added.
The study was recently published in the journal
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.
"Based on our research about the high prevalence of
intimate-partner violence among orthopedic trauma patients and the
misconceptions about how common it actually is, I encourage
orthopedic surgeons to seek out education on the topic and learn
about community resources where they can refer patients for help,"
Della Rocca suggested.
About 30 percent of women in North and South America suffer
domestic violence at some point in their lives, according to the
World Health Organization. In North America, domestic violence also
is the most common cause of nonfatal injuries among women, often
resulting in broken bones.
The American Academy of Family Physicians has more about