Sometimes baby boys are born with one or both testicles inside the abdomen or groin, rather than in the scrotum. This is called
. Orchiopexy is a surgery to lower the testicles into the scrotum. The scrotum is the external sac that holds the testicles.
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The procedure is used to treat undescended testicles that do not move down on their own.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your child's doctor will review potential problems, like: Testicle moves back up into groin again after surgeryDamage to the testicleBleedingInfectionReaction to anesthesiaInjury to surrounding structures
Your child’s doctor and anesthesiologist will do the following: Examine your childDo imaging, blood, and urine testsDiscuss the anesthesia being used and the potential risksDiscuss the risks of surgery and answer any questions you have
Talk to the doctor about your child’s medications or any recent illnesses. You may be asked to have your child stop or start certain medications before surgery.
Other things to keep in mind before the procedure include: Bring special toys, books, and comfortable clothing for your child.Your child will need to avoid eating for a period of time before surgery. Ask the doctor when your child should stop eating and drinking. For children less than one year, it is often recommended that they do not eat after midnight the night before the surgery. Clear liquids such as breast milk, water, and clear juices may be allowed up to two hours before the procedure.
After your child is asleep, the doctor will make a small incision in one or both sides of the groin. The testicle is located and examined. If there is a
present, the doctor will also repair this.
Next, the doctor will create a pouch in the scrotum. The testicle will be pulled down into this new pouch. Stitches will hold the testicles in place. The stitches will dissolve on their own. All other incisions will be closed with stitches.
In some cases, a small button will be placed on the outside of the scrotum and secured with a suture. This will hold the testicle down until healing occurs. The button will be removed by cutting the suture a few weeks after the procedure.
In most cases, your child can go home on the same day as the surgery.
Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. Your child will be given medication to relieve pain or soreness during recovery.
Your child will be monitored while recovering from the anesthesia.Your child will be given pain medications as needed.
During your child's stay, the care center staff will also take steps to reduce the chance of infection, such as:
Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your child's incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your child's chance of infection, such as: Washing both you and your child's hands often, and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
Reminding your child's healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
Not allowing others to touch your child's incision
When your child returns home, you may need to do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery: Give medications as directed to treat pain and prevent infection.Minor bleeding is normal. Care for the incisions as directed.Change your child’s diaper often. Leave it off for short periods to allow air at the incision sites.Engage in gentle play. Avoid tiring activities for a few weeks. Sitting on or riding a bicycle should be avoided for about a week after the surgery.Monitor your child for signs of pain. Examples include fussiness, trouble moving, sweating, and pale skin.
It is important to monitor your child's recovery. Alert your child's doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your child's doctor: Increasing pressure or painRedness, drainage, puffiness, or soreness around the incision siteChanges in the frequency, odor, appearance, or volume of urineDifficulty urinatingSigns of infection, including fever or chillsPersistent nausea and/or vomitingAbdominal painLack of energyLoss of appetite
If you think your child has an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Elyas R, Guerra LA, Pike J, et al. Is staging beneficial for Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy? A systematic review.
J Urol. 2010;183(5):2012-2018.
Orchiopexy: Surgery for undescended testicles. About Kids Health website. Available at:
http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/En/HealthAZ/TestsAndTreatments/Procedures/Pages/Orchidopexy-Surgery-for-Undescended-Testicles.aspx. Updated November 10, 2009. Accessed July 23, 2013.
Orchiopexy discharge instructions. Children’s Hospital and Clinics of Minnesota website. Available at:
http://www.childrensmn.org/Manuals/PFS/Surg/018757.pdf. Updated March 2009. Accessed July 23, 2013.
Undescended testicles. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia website. Available at:
http://www.chop.edu/treatments/surgery-undescended-testicles-orchiopexy#.VZBqk010xMs. Updated November 2008. Accessed July 23, 2013.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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