Anterior uveitis is inflammation of the front segment of the uvea. The uvea is the middle layer of the eye. Anterior uveitis affects the iris and ciliary body. It is a potentially serious condition. It requires care from your doctor to prevent vision loss.

Normal Anatomy of the Eye

AR00032_labeled eye

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In most cases, the cause of anterior uveitis is unknown. However in some, it may be caused by trauma or an infection. Infections associated with anterior uveitis include:

  • Lyme disease
  • Syphilis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Herpes viruses
  • Risk Factors

    Anterior uveitis may be more likely to occur in people with other health problems and autoimmune disorders, such as

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • HIVinfection
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • HLA-B27 gene
  • Symptoms

    Anterior uveitis may cause:

  • Red, sore, and watering eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pupil that is small or irregular in shape
  • Symptoms of Uveitis—Red, Sore, Watering Eyes

    Eye Inflammation

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    Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. An eye exam will also be done. An eye specialist will do a more extensive exam of the inside of your eye.

    Blood tests may be done to look for other disorders causing or associated with anterior uveitis.


    Most often treatment will focus on relieving the symptoms of anterior uveitis until it goes away. It is important to follow treatment recommendations to prevent complications or recurrence.

    Focus may be on treating the underlying cause of anterior uveitis.


    Anterior uveitis may be treated with:

  • Corticosteroid eye drops to control inflammation
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as eye drops (NSAIDs)
  • Cycloplegic (pupil dilating) agents to help decrease pain and light sensitivity, and to prevent the iris from sticking to the lens underneath
  • Topical beta agonists to help relieve pressure in the eye
  • Procedures

    If other treatment methods fail, or your symptoms worsen, surgery may be needed.

    It is important to follow up with your doctor and watch for signs of recurrence.


    There are no current guidelines to prevent anterior uveitis.