is a tightening in the shoulder joint. It decreases the range of motion in the shoulder and causes pain. This condition is also known as
. It is caused by tightening of the soft tissue and formation of scar tissue.
During closed manipulation, the doctor moves the arm at the shoulder joint. This is done to break up adhesions and loosen the stiff joint.
The goal of the procedure is to improve range-of-motion by breaking up scar tissue.
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Your doctor may recommend closed manipulation if other methods of relief have failed. This procedure can relieve pain and stiffness for some people. In others, there is still some pain and swelling in the shoulder joint. If the closed manipulation is not successful, you may need
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like: PainNerve injuryDamage to soft tissueInstability or stiffness in jointFractureReaction to anesthesia used
Factors that may increase your risk of complications: SmokingDrinking
Chronic disease, such as
obesityPrior shoulder surgery
Your doctor may do the following: Physical examBlood and urine testsX-rayMRI scan
Leading up to the procedure: Arrange for a ride to and from the hospital, and for help at home after the procedure.The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
Your doctor may choose either: General anesthesia
—You will be asleep during the surgery.
Local anesthesia (less common)—The shoulder area will be numbed.
The doctor will twist and move your shoulder upward and outward. The actions will break up scar tissue to improve range of motion.
If you had general anesthesia, you will be taken to a recovery room and monitored.
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
Once you recover from the anesthesia, you will be able to go home.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as: Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masksNot allowing others to touch your incisions
You will have pain and swelling for 1-2 weeks after the surgery. Your doctor may instruct you to begin physical therapy.
It is important to monitor your recovery. Alert your doctor to any problems. If any of the following occur, call your doctor: Cough, trouble breathing, or chest painSevere nausea or vomitingPain becomes worse or swelling increasesTingling or numbness that will not go away, especially in arms and hands
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
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http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 17, 2014. Accessed December 17, 2014.
Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder). Palo Alto Medical Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.pamf.org/sports/king/adhesive_caps.html. Accessed December 17, 2014.
Ewald A. Adhesive capsulitis: A review. Am Fam Physician. 2011;83(4):417-422.
Examination under anesthesia. University of Washington Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine website. Available at:
http://www.orthop.washington.edu/?q=patient-care/articles/shoulder/examination-under-anesthesia.html. Updated February 4, 2013. Accessed December 17, 2014.
Frozen shoulder. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00071. Updated January 2011. Accessed December 17, 2014.
Shoulder arthroscopy. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00589. April 2011. Accessed December 17, 2014
Warner JP. Frozen shoulder: Diagnosis and management.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg.
Shoulder surgery. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Ortho Info website. Available at:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00066. Updated August 2009. Accessed December 17, 2014.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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