Research has shown numerous
benefits of breastfeeding
for both mother and her infant. If you decide to breastfeed, here are some helpful tips to get you off to a good start.
The position that you use to breastfeed the first few times will depend on whether you had a
. The nurse at the hospital can help you determine which position works best for you.
Once you are ready to begin, follow these steps from the American Academy of Family Physicians:
- Wash your hands.
- With your free hand, put your thumb on top of the breast you will feed with first. Place your fingers below the breast. Do not touch the areola or nipple; your baby’s mouth will cover this area.
- Lightly tickle your baby’s mouth with your breast, which will cause your baby’s mouth to open wide.
- Gently place your nipple all the way in your baby’s mouth and pull your baby’s body close to you.
- If your baby is latched on properly, both lips should pout out and take in nearly all of the areola. Your baby should make low-pitched swallowing noises.
- Your baby's nose may touch your breast. This is okay, since your baby will still be able to breathe. If you are concerned, you can press down gently on your breast near her nose to allow air.
- If you feel pain while nursing, your baby may not be latched on correctly. Gently slide your finger into the corner of your baby’s mouth to break the seal. Reposition your baby and try again. It may take several tries. If you continue to feel pain while breastfeeding, talk with your doctor.
Before you give birth, try to learn as much about breastfeeding as possible. Here are some tips for successful breastfeeding: Start nursing as early as possible.
In most cases,
nursing can begin 30 minutes to an hour after delivery. For the first few days,
your body produces colostrum—a thick, creamy substance that provides your baby
with antibodies and essential nutrients. Usually, your milk will begin to flow
between the second and fourth day.
Use both breasts at each feeding.
It is important to
feed from both breasts because the composition of the milk differs from the
beginning of the feeding session to the end. Also, alternate the breast with
which you start the feeding. Some women put a safety pin or ribbon on their bra
strap to help them remember which breast to start with.
Let your nipples air dry.
This will help prevent them
from getting dry and cracking. If the nipples do get dry and cracked, you can
coat them with breast milk or other natural moisturizers, like vitamin E or
lanolin, to help them heal. Make sure to clean these substances off before
feeding. In addition, avoid bra pads lined with plastic. Do not use soap or lotions with alcohol on your nipples.
Expect some soreness.
For the first week or two, while
your nipples are getting used to feeding, you can expect a little soreness.
A new mother usually produces a
lot of milk, which can cause engorgement. Frequent feedings will help relieve this engorgement. Your body will adjust to the amount of milk your baby
needs. Warm compresses and warm baths may help relieve the discomfort.
Watch for signs of infection.
Symptoms of infection
include fever, painful lumps, and redness in the breasts. These require
immediate medical attention.
Talk to your doctor before taking prescription and over-the-counter medicine, as well as herbs and supplements.
Some medicines can pass through the breast milk to your baby and may not be safe. Drugs can also interfere with how much milk you produce.
Human milk is more easily digested than formula. You can feed your baby as much as your baby wants.
Your baby may feed 8-12 times a day or more. Many newborns nurse as often as every two hours, regardless of whether it is day or night. Let your baby feed on demand—not on a strict schedule. Later, the baby will be able to hold more milk and go for longer times between feedings, settling into a more predictable pattern.
According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, signs that your baby is getting enough milk include: Your baby acts satisfied after each feeding.Your baby gains weight constantly after the first 3-7 days after birth. There may be some weight loss the first week after being born.Your baby has 6-8 wet diapers a day.Your baby has 2-5 or more stools a day at first and then may have 2 or less a day. At first, stools will be runny.
Most importantly, a breastfeeding mom needs to eat a well-balanced diet. You need to be eating fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads and cereals, meats or beans, and milk and dairy foods.
It is essential that you get plenty of calcium. For a woman who is breastfeeding, the calcium recommendations are: Age 19-50: 1,000 mg of calcium per dayAge 14-18: 1,300 mg of calcium per day
You will need to increase your overall calories—about 500 calories a day more than you usually consume. And it is important that you drink plenty of fluids while you breastfeed.
Generally speaking, anything you eat should be fine for your baby. If you do eat something that you think may be bothering your baby (foods cited by some mothers include garlic, onion, citrus, peanuts), simply remove it from your diet.
Caffeine and alcohol can get into your milk. It is a good idea to limit how much of these you consume. In addition, smoking cigarettes has been shown to cause a decrease in milk production for the mother. It also increases the risk of
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
as well as respiratory and ear infections in the baby.
A nursing mother needs rest. Let the people around you help with the day-to-day activities so that you can have some down time. Try to get as much sleep as possible. Although it may seem like your new baby will never sleep through my night, it will eventually happen.
Breastfeeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated December 18, 2012. Accessed December 27, 2012.
Breastfeeding: hints to help you get off to a good start.
American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at:
http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/pregnancy-newborns/caring-for-newborns/breastfeeding-formula/breastfeeding-hints-to-help-you-get-off-to-a-good-start.html. Updated August 2010. Accessed December 27, 2012.
Calcium intake and supplementation. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated November 2, 2012. Accessed December 27, 2012.
Learning to Breastfeed. US Department of Health and Human Services Women's Health website. Available at:
http://womenshealth.gov/breastfeeding/learning-to-breastfeed/. Updated August 1, 2010. Accessed December 27, 2012.
Medicine while breastfeeding. Love Your Baby website. Available at:
http://www.loveyourbaby.com/medicine-while-breastfeeding.html. Accessed December 14, 2009.
Nutrition and Fitness. US Department of Health and Human Services Women's Health website. Available at:
http://womenshealth.gov/breastfeeding/breastfeeding-and-everyday-life/nutrition-and-fitness.html. Updated August 1, 2010. Accessed December 27, 2012.
Last reviewed December 2012 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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