Because researchers have such a limited understanding of the cause of
Parkinson’s disease, there are no current guidelines to reduce your risk of developing it.
Some studies have suggested that certain factors can lower your risk of Parkinson's disease. Examples include:
Having a higher
Having a higher intake of
Having a higher intake of unsaturated fatty acidsUsing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Mediterranean diet, which includes plant foods (for example, fruits, vegetables, grains, beans, seeds), olive oil, and fish
Regularly engaging in moderate to vigorous
However, these were observational studies. They do not prove a cause and effect relationship for preventing Parkinson's disease. Talk to your doctor before making any changes to your diet or taking any new medication. The side effects may outweigh any potential benefits.
Camdelacreu J. Parkinson disease and Alzheimer disease: environmental risk factors. Neurologia. 2014;29(9):541-549.
De Lau LM, Bornebroek M, Wittemen JC, Hofman A, Koudstaal PJ, Breteler MM.
Dietary fatty acids and the risk of Parkinson disease: the Rotterdam Study.
NINDS Parkinson's disease information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
website. Available at:
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons_disease/parkinsons_disease.htm. Updated July 26, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Parkinson disease. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/movement-and-cerebellar-disorders/parkinson-disease. Updated September 2015. Accessed November 29, 2016.
Parkinson's disease. American Association of Neurological Surgeons
website. Available at:
http://www.aans.org/en/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Parkinsons%20Disease.aspx. Accessed November 29, 2016.
4/8/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115172/Parkinson-disease: Sofi F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A.
Accruing evidence on benefits of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Clin Nutr.
Last reviewed November 2016 by Rimas Lukas, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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