The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medicines listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medicines as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
(NSAIDs) can reduce pain or discomfort.
Over-the-counter and prescription NSAIDs: Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)Naproxen (Aleve)
Prescription NSAIDs: Diclofenac (Voltaren)Indomethacin (Indocin)
Possible side effects include: Abdominal pain, cramps, or discomfortHeartburn or indigestionNausea and vomitingGastrointestinal bleedingRash
Opioids may be used in cases of moderate to severe pain. Examples include: HydromorphoneMorphine
Possible side effects include: LightheadednessNausea and vomitingDrowsinessConstipationInsomniaDepressionHeadacheSweating
Other medical conditions can put you at a high risk for kidney stones. You may be prescribed medication that will treat or manage the condition while reducing the risk of kidney stone development. They include:
Common names include: Polycitra-KUrocit-K
Citrates are used to make the urine more alkaline. This helps prevent some kinds of
This medicine reduces the amount of uric acid in the blood. This helps to control
and to minimize the formation of uric acid kidney stones.
Common names include: EsidrixHydro-chlorHydro-DHydroDIURILMicrozideOretic
is a diuretic and is usually used to treat high blood pressure. It also helps to decrease the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. In addition, it is used to prevent calcium-containing stones from forming. Diuretics can cause the body to lose potassium.
This medicine is used in combination with antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infections that lead to the formation of struvite kidney stones.
This drug should not be used in pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Since this drug is associated with a high rate of side effects, such as
deep vein thrombosis
hemolytic anemia, its use is limited.
Common name: Calcibind
This medicine is used to prevent the formation of calcium-containing kidney stones in people who absorb too much calcium from the gastrointestinal tract.
Common names include: TioproninThiola
This medicine is used to control the formation of cystine stones.
Common names include: CuprimineDepen
is used to treat cystine stones.
If you are taking medicines, follow these general guidelines: Take your medication as directed. Do not change the amount or the schedule.Know what side effects could occur. Discuss them with your doctor.Talk to your doctor before you stop taking the medication.Plan ahead for refills if you need them.Do not share your medication with anyone.Drugs can be dangerous when mixed. Talk to your doctor if you are taking more than one drug, including over-the-counter products and supplements.
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms, including: Mental confusionMood changesMuscle spasmsIrregular heartbeatNumbness of arms and legsBruisingRashWeakness
Coe FL, Evan A, Worcester, E. Kidney stone disease.
J Clin Invest.
Moe OW. Kidney stones: pathophysiology and medical management.
11/29/2006 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Hollingsworth JM, Rogers MA, Kaufman SR, et al. Medical therapy to facilitate urinary stone passage: a meta-analysis.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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