The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included. Ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, contact your doctor.
NSAIDs can reduce pain or discomfort.
Over-the-counter and prescription NSAIDs: IbuprofenNaproxen
Prescription NSAIDs: DiclofenacIndomethacin
Possible side effects include: Abdominal pain, cramps, or discomfortHeartburn or indigestionNausea and vomitingGastrointestinal bleedingRash
Opioids may be used in cases of moderate to severe pain. Examples include: HydromorphoneMorphine
Possible side effects include: LightheadednessNausea and vomitingDrowsinessConstipationInsomniaDepressionHeadacheSweating
Other medical conditions can put you at a high risk for kidney stones. You may be prescribed medication that will treat or manage the condition while reducing the risk of kidney stone development. They include:
Common names include: Polycitra-KUrocit-K
Citrates are used to make the urine more alkaline. This helps prevent some kinds of
This medication reduces the amount of uric acid in the blood. This helps to control
and to minimize the formation of uric acid kidney stones.
Common names include: EsidrixHydro-chlorHydro-DHydroDIURILMicrozideOretic
is a diuretic and is usually used to treat high blood pressure. It also helps to decrease the amount of calcium released by the kidneys into the urine. In addition, it is used to prevent calcium-containing stones from forming. Diuretics can cause the body to lose potassium.
This medication is used in combination with antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infections that lead to the formation of struvite kidney stones.
This drug should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. Since this drug is associated with a high rate of side effects, such as
deep vein thrombosis
, its use is limited.
Common name: Calcibind
This medication is used to prevent the formation of calcium-containing kidney stones in people who absorb too much calcium from the gastrointestinal tract.
Common names include: TioproninThiola
This medication is used to control the formation of cystine stones.
Common names include: CuprimineDepen
is used to treat cystine stones.
Follow these general medication guidelines: Take your medication as directed. Do not change the amount or schedule.Ask what side effects could occur. Report them to your doctor.Talk to your doctor before you stop taking any prescription medication.Do not share your prescription medication. Medications can be dangerous when mixed. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking more than one medication, including over-the-counter products and supplements.Plan ahead for refills as needed.
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any unusual symptoms, including: Mental confusionMood changesMuscle spasmsIrregular heartbeatPeripheral neuropathy—numbness of arms and legsBruisingRashWeakness
Coe FL, Evan A, Worcester, E. Kidney stone disease.
J Clin Invest.
Kidney stones. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/urologic-disease/kidney-stones-in-adults/Pages/facts.aspx. Accessed March 6, 2017.
Moe OW. Kidney stones: pathophysiology and medical management.
What are kidney stones? Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones. Accessed March 6, 2017.
Last reviewed March 2017 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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