Symptoms of TMD may occur in the head or neck.
Temporomandibular Joint : Areas of Pain
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A number of symptoms may suggest TMD, including the following: Pain in the temporomandibular jointPopping, clicking, or grating sounds or sensations in the temporomandibular joint while eating and/or drinkingA sensation of the jaw “catching” or “locking” briefly, while attempting to open or close the mouth, or while chewingDifficulty opening the mouth completelyPain in the jawFacial painMuscle pain/spasm in the area of the temple or temporomandibular jointHeadacheEar painNeck painSwelling on one or both sides of the face
Siccoli MM, Bassetti CL, Sándor PS. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis.
Lancet Neurology. 2006;5(3):257-267.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
website. Available at:
Updated December 2010. Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at:
http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/tmj. Accessed April 5, 2013.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ. Updated March 21, 2013. Accessed April 5, 2013.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated November 27, 2012. Accessed April 5, 2013.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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