Scurvy is a condition caused by an insufficient amount of vitamin C for a prolonged period of time. The condition causes weakness, impaired wound healing,
gingivitis. In children it can cause bone loss and fractures.Scurvy is rare in the United States and occurs most commonly in malnourished older adults and chronic alcoholics.
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Scurvy is typically caused by a diet lacking in fruits and vegetables or foods fortified with vitamin C.
Symptoms include: WeaknessPalenessSunken eyesTender, swollen gums and/or tooth lossMuscular painReopening of old wounds or soresLoss of appetiteBruising easilyWeight loss; inability to gain weightDiarrheaIncreased heart rateFeverIrritabilityAching and swelling in jointsShortness of breathFatigue
Scurvy may be suspected during a physical exam, based on an analysis of symptoms and diet. Your doctor will order a blood test to measure the level of vitamin C in the blood to confirm the diagnosis. To look for any specific problems the scurvy, such as bone disease, in infants and children may have an
The treatment for scurvy is simple and effective. To eliminate symptoms and make a full recovery, begin vitamin C replacement until symptoms resolve and then take recommended amounts of vitamin C. You can increase vitamin C levels by: Eating a diet rich in citrus fruits, other fruits, and vegetablesTaking vitamin C supplements
To help reduce your chances of getting scurvy, take the following steps: Eat a healthy, balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.Get a sufficient amount of vitamin C, through diet and/or supplements.
Weinstein M, Babyn P, Zlotkin S. An orange a day keeps the doctor away: scurvy in the year 2000. Pediatrics. 2001 Sep;108(3):E55.
Last reviewed November 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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