In adults, being overweight or obese is based on BMI.

    
  • Overweight is defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 25.
  • Obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than or equal to 30.
  • Severe or morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than or equal to 40.
  • In children, being overweight or obese is based on BMI being above normal ranges on growth charts.

        
  • Overweight is BMI greater than or equal to 85th percentile for gender and age.
  • Obesity is BMI greater than or equal to 95th percentile for gender and age.
  • Severe obesity is BMI greater than or equal to 99th percentile for gender and age.
  • Being overweight or obese occurs when the amount of calories you take in is consistently greater than the number of calories you use during activity and basic bodily functions.

    Complications of Obesity

    Being obese can increase your risk of early death and shorten life expectancy.

    Other complications of untreated obesity include:

        
  • Decreased energy
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Increased risk of blood clots
  • Increased risk of stroke
  • High cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Liver disease
  • Acute or chronic pancreatitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Gallstones
  • Joint problems, back pain
  • Increased risk of certain cancers, such as liver, kidney, thyroid, colon, and rectal
  • Gout
  • Infertility
  • Sleep apnea
  • Poor self-image, depression
  • Being overweight can also affect pregnancy and your child.

        
  • Some pregnancy complications include:    
  • High blood pressure during pregnancy—preeclampsia
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Depression during your pregnancy
  • Depression after your baby is born—postpartum depression
  •     
  • Effects on children may include increased risk of:    
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Congenital anomalies, especially neural tube defects
  • Autism or other neurodevelopmental disorders
  • You may also experience problems during labor and deliver and having a baby with a high birth weight.