Overweight in adults is defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 25. Obesity in adults is defined as having a BMI greater than or equal to 30. In children, being overweight or obese is based on being above normal ranges on growth charts. Being overweight or obese occurs when the amount of calories you take in is consistently greater than the number of calories you use during activity and basic bodily functions.

Complications of Obesity

Being obese can increase your risk of early death and shorten life expectancy.

Other complications of untreated obesity include:

    
  • Decreased energy
  • Heart disease
  • Increased risk of blood clots
  • Increased risk of stroke
  • High cholesterol and high triglycerides in the blood
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Liver disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Gallstones
  • Joint problems, back pain
  • Increased risk of certain cancers, such as liver, kidney, thyroid, colon, and rectal
  • Increased risk of death from cancer
  • Gout
  • Infertility
  • Sleep apnea
  • Poor self-image, depression
  • Being overweight can also affect pregnancy. Some complications include:

        
  • High blood pressure— preeclampsia
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Depression during your pregnancy
  • Depression after your baby is born— postpartum depression
  • You may also experience problems during labor and deliver, having a baby with a high birth weight, or malformations of the baby.