There are no current guidelines for the prevention of systemic lupus erythematosus because the cause is unknown. The only known risk factors are things that can't be modified, such as gender, age,
family history, and ethnic background.
Lupus. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website. Available at:
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Lupus/default.asp. Updated February 2015. Accessed May 17, 2016.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal_and_connective_tissue_disorders/autoimmune_rheumatic_disorders/systemic_lupus_erythematosus_sle.html. Updated June 2013. Accessed May 16, 2016.
Treating lupus. Lupus Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.lupus.org/answers/topic/treating-lupus. Updated July 12, 2013. Accessed May 17, 2016.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
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