The cause of lymphoma is not always clear, so prevention is difficult to determine. Most factors that are associated with an increased risk of Hodgkin lymphoma, such as family history or ethnicity, are also not preventable. However, because lymphoma starts in the lymph system, factors that weaken the immune system can play a role in the development of lymphoma. To keep a strong immune system: Quit smoking—For people who smoke, it takes the body longer to fight infections and heal wounds. Quitting smoking is an important step in preventing Hodgkin lymphoma and other cancers. The sooner smoking is stopped, the sooner the body can start to heal. Talk to your doctor about the options available to help you successfully quit.Manage exposures—Pesticides and formaldehyde are common exposures. Formaldehyde is a by-product of burning natural gas, oil, wood, and tobacco. It is also used in a variety of household products, such as foam insulation, wallpaper, or paint. Follow instructions carefully and avoid direct contact. This may include wearing a mask, gloves, goggles, and protective clothing. Using proper ventilation can also help reduce your exposure.
Formaldehyde in your home. Minnesota Department of Health website. Available at: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/voc/formaldehyde.htm. Accessed March 7, 2016.
American Cancer Society website. Available at:
Accessed March 7, 2016.
Hodgkin lymphoma. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/lymphomas/hodgkin-lymphoma. Updated October 2012. Accessed March 7, 2016.
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 8, 2016. Accessed March 7, 2016.
Pesticides: Safe and effective use in the home and landscape. University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources website. Available at: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn74126.html. Accessed March 7, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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