The information provided here is meant to give you a general idea about each of the medications listed below. Only the most general side effects are included, so ask your doctor if you need to take any special precautions. Use each of these medications as recommended by your doctor, or according to the instructions provided. If you have further questions about usage or side effects, talk to your doctor.
Medications may be given to treat
C. The goal of treatment is to slow or stop disease progression, and to limit further liver damage. Treatments for hepatitis B may only work for limited time and do not lead to a cure. New medications for hepatitis C are being developed rapidly. Many people with hepatitis C may be able to achieve a cure. Your doctor will work with you to find the combination of medications that work best for you.
Alpha interferonsTelbivudineEntecavirLamivudineAdefovirRibavirinProtease inhibitors TelaprevirBoceprevirSimeprevirSofosbuvirParitaprevirNS5A inhibitors OmbitasvirDaclatasvirElbasvirVelpatasvirLedipasvirGrazoprevirDasabuvir
Alpha interferon is injected, usually daily or 3 times per week. It is used to treat hepatitis B and C. These medications may be given individually or in combination. You may receive treatment for about four months or longer, but time varies. Alcohol must not be consumed during treatment with interferon.
Possible side effects may include: IrritabilityAnxietyPersonality changesDepression
Flu-like symptoms such as:
FatigueMuscle achesHeadacheNausea and vomitingBone marrow suppressionAutoimmune thyroiditis
is available in liquid and tablet forms. It is appropriate for adolescents 16 years of age or older and adults with chronic hepatitis B. It is usually taken once daily. Optimal duration of therapy is unknown.
Possible side effects include: Lactic acidosis, a serious change in blood chemistryAcute exacerbations after treatment stopsUpset stomachAbdominal pain or distentionNauseaDiarrheaFatigueMyopathy and myalgia—muscular weakness or painNeuropathy—impaired nerve functionHeadacheCoughPain while swallowingJoint painFeverRashBack painInsomniaLightheadednessChanges in kidney and liver lab results
is given orally or in tablet form to adults and adolescents older than 16 years of age to treat chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
Possible side effects include: Lactic acidosis, a serious change in blood chemistryAcute exacerbations after treatment stopsDiarrheaStomach upsetNauseaVomitingFatigueHeadacheLightheadednessInsomnia
is given orally to treat chronic hepatitis B. It is usually taken daily for about one year. In some cases, it may need to be taken longer.
Possible side effects include: Enlarged liverLactic acidosis, a serious change in blood chemistryHeadacheFatigueNauseaDiarrheaNasal congestion
is given orally to adults and adolescents older than 16 years of age to treat chronic hepatitis B.
Possible side effects include: Liver toxicityKidney toxicityLactic acidosis, a serious change in blood chemistryHeadacheFatigueNauseaDiarrhea
is given orally to treat chronic hepatitis C. The pills are taken twice daily.
Possible side effects include: Severe anemiaFatigueIrritabilitySkin rash and itchingNasal congestionHeadacheChillsMuscle achesGout
Common names include: TelaprevirBoceprevirSimeprevirSofosbuvirParitaprevir
Protease inhibitors are used to treat hepatitis C. They interfere with viral reproduction in the body, slowing the growth of hepatitis C.
Protease inhibitors are taken in combination with other medications. It is important to remain adequately hydrated when taking them.
Possible side effects include: RashItchingAnemiaNausea or vomitingFatigueProblems with or loss of tasteAnal irritation (telaprevir)Sensitivity to light (simeprevir)
Common names include: OmbitasvirDaclatasvirElbasvirVelpatasvirLedipasvirGrazoprevir
NS5A inhibitors interfere with viral reproduction in the body. They are used in combination with other medications to treat hepatitis C. These medications have the most potential to lead to a cure.
Possible side effects may include: Skin rash and itchingNauseaHeadacheFatigueHeart rhythm problems (daclatasvir)Myopathy and myalgia—muscular weakness or pain
Dasabuvir is a polymerase inhibitor that blocks hepatitis C reproduction. When used in combination with other hepatitis C medications, it can result in a cure. Dasabuvir is taken orally.
Possible side effects may include: Skin rash and itchingNauseaHeadacheFatigueInsomniaMyopathy and myalgia—muscular weakness or pain
If you develop any side effects to the medicationsIf any of your symptoms worsen