Taking preventive measures may prevent some cases of
epilepsy. These measures include:
Preventing seizures due to head injuries by:
Wearing seat belts and bicycle helmetsPutting children in car seats
Treating a seizure properly by:
Seeking medical help immediately after suffering a first seizureTaking medication after the first or second seizure
Getting good prenatal care to help prevent brain damage to a developing fetus:
high blood pressureTreatment for any infectionsMaintaining proper nutrition, including adequate vitamin intake
drug useTreating high fevers (especially in children) with medication
Taking steps to prevent or control certain medical conditions, including:
High blood pressure
Liver diseaseKidney diseaseInfectionsAny disorder that may affect or injure your brain
Illicit drugsExcessive amounts of alcohol
NINDS epilepsy information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at:
Updated February 21, 2013. Accessed February 22, 2013.
Seizure disorders. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/seizure-disorders/seizure-disorders. Updated May 2012. Accessed February 22, 2013.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Rimas Lukas, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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