can be devastating to family relationships, friendships, and the ability to work or go to school. Symptoms of depression vary a great deal from person to person. Some people have only a few symptoms, while others have many.
Symptoms can change over time and may include: Persistent feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness (less common in elderly adults, children, and adolescents)Feeling guilty, worthless, or helpless
Restlessness, worrying, or
anxietyIrritability or mood changesTrouble sleeping, waking up too early, or oversleepingLoss of interest in hobbies, activities, and social interactionFeeling tired and generalized complaints, such as stomach ache, musculoskeletal complaints, and chronic painInability to relaxTrouble concentrating, remembering, or making decisionsEating more or less than usualWeight gain or weight lossLoss of interest in sexPhysical symptoms that defy standard diagnosis and do not respond well to medical treatmentsThoughts of death or suicide (with or without suicide attempts)
DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association website. Available at:
http://www.psychiatry.org/dsm5. Accessed September 30, 2015.
Depression in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated May 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Depression in elderly patients. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated May 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
Major depressive disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Available at: Updated March 31, 2016. Accessed August 11, 2016.
National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at:
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml. Accessed September 30, 2015.
Last reviewed August 2016 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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