Because the causes are unknown, there are currently no guidelines for reducing your risk of
Scientists are studying medications and lifestyle factors that may help. Diet, mental activity, and exercise may play a role in brain health. For example: Regular exercise and social engagement may decrease the risk of developing dementia.
There is some evidence that the
may help lower your risk of Alzheimers disease, as well. This diet includes foods like
fruits, vegetables, grains, beans, seeds, olive oil, and fish.
Drinking alcohol may be beneficial, but it is drinking in moderation, one drink or less per day for women, two drinks per day or less for men. If you do not drink, you do not have to start to get any benefits.
high blood pressure,
high cholesterol, and diabetes may help to reduce your risk.
In addition, some researchers have argued that long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can lower the risk.
Hormone replacement therapy
(HRT) has been studied in Alzheimers prevention but research is unclear, in fact, some studies have shown an increased risk of Alzheimers with HRT. As our understanding of Alzheimers disease grows, your doctor may have more information regarding steps for reducing your risk as you age.
Studies are ongoing to allow us to better understand the risk factors for Alzheimers disease.
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Carrillo MC, Blackwell A, Hampel H, et al. Early risk assessment for Alzheimer's disease.
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Deweerdt S. Prevention: activity is the best medicine.
Alzheimer’s Association website. Available at:
Accessed August 22, 2012.
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Solomon A, Kivipelto M, Soininen H. Prevention of Alzheimer’s disease: moving backward through the lifespan. J Alzheimer’s Dis. 2012;33(Suppl 1):S465-S469..
Von Arnim CA, Herbolsheimer F, Nikolaus T, et al. Dietary antioxidants and dementia in a population-based case-control study among older people in South Germany. J Alzheimers Dis. 2012;31(4):717-724.
8/23/2010 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114193/Alzheimer-dementia: Ritchie K, Carrière I, Ritchie CW, Berr C, Artero S, Ancelin ML. Designing prevention programmes to reduce incidence of dementia: prospective cohort study of modifiable risk factors.
4/8/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114193/Alzheimer-dementia: Sofi F, Abbate R, Gensini GF, Casini A. Accruing evidence on benefits of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1189-1196.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Rimas Lukas, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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