is a virus that is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites.
Risk factors for getting yellow fever include traveling to an area where yellow fever is present.
Symptoms for yellow fever include: High feverChills and muscle achesYellowing of the skin, known as jaundiceVomitingHeadacheBackache
More serious complications include: ShockBleedingLiver failureKidney failure
Treatment involves supportive care. There is no medication available to treat the illness.
The vaccine is a weakened, live form of the yellow fever virus. The vaccine is created by growing the live virus in a lab. The vaccine is given by a shot.
Vaccination is the best way to prevent yellow fever. The yellow fever vaccine is advised for those who are traveling to or living in areas where the disease is present. Ask your doctor if the vaccine is right for you.
Common minor side effects include: FeverSoreness, swelling, or redness at the injection siteMuscle aches
Rare, serious side effects include: Nervous system reactionSevere allergic reactionOrgan failure
The vaccine should not be given to: Infants aged 6 months or younger—In rare cases when your 6-8 months-old baby must travel to high-risk areas, talk to the doctor about the vaccine.People over the age of 60 are at higher risk for serious complications. If you are traveling to a high-risk area, consult an infectious disease specialist to find out if vaccination is a good choice for you.
Are severely allergic to eggs, chicken, or gelatin.
Have a disease that weakens the immune system, such as
infection—If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
Are receiving treatments that weaken the immune system, such as
cancer.Have problems with the thymus or have had their thymus removed.Are pregnant—Talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of the vaccine if you are traveling to a high-risk area. If you are vaccinated, your doctor may use a blood test to confirm immunity.Are breastfeeding—If you are traveling to high-risk areas, talk to your doctor about the vaccine.
To decrease your chance of getting yellow fever: Use insect repellentWear long-sleeved shirts and long pantsStay in screened areas
An outbreak of yellow fever in the US is unlikely since the virus is not geographically present in this country. But, in the event of an outbreak, uninfected people would be vaccinated and precautions would be taken to reduce transmission.
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
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http://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/vaccine-education-center#.V03SsU2FMdU. Updated March 2013. Accessed June 2, 2015.
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http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed June 2, 2015.
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http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/yf.html. Updated June 18, 2013. Accessed June 2, 2015.
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http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Transmission of yellow fever vaccine virus through breast-feeding—Brazil, 2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2010;59(05):130-132..
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Last reviewed May 2016 by David L. Horn, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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