This vaccine helps prevent: Diphtheria—which causes a sore throat associated with a thick covering in the back of the throat
Tetanus—which causes painful muscle tightening all over the body (also known as lockjaw)Pertussis—which causes bad coughing spells and may occur at any age, but when it occurs in infants and young children, it makes breathing, eating, and drinking difficult; also known as whooping cough
DTaP vaccine is composed of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids that can create an antitoxin, and small pieces of inactive pertussis bacteria.
The DTaP vaccine is generally required before starting school. The regular immunization schedule is to give the vaccine at: 2 months4 months6 months15-18 months4-6 years
If you or your child have not been fully vaccinated
for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, talk to the doctor.
Most people tolerate the tetanus-containing vaccines without any trouble. The most common side effects are pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site, mild fever,
Rarely, a fever of more than 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40.6 degrees Celsius) and seizures may occur.
is sometimes given to reduce pain and fever that may occur after getting a vaccine. In infants, the
may weaken the vaccine's effectiveness.
However, in children at risk for seizures, a fever-lowering medication
may be important to take.
Discuss the risks and benefits of taking acetaminophen with the doctor.
The vast majority of people should receive their tetanus-containing vaccinations on schedule. However, individuals in whom the risks of vaccination outweigh the benefits include those who: Have had a
life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of DTaPHave had a brain or nervous system disease
within 7 days after a
dose of DTaP
Talk with your doctor before getting the vaccine if you have: Epilepsy or other nervous system problemsSevere swelling or severe pain after a previous dose of any component of the vaccination to be givenGuillain-Barre syndromeModerate or severe illness—wait until you recover to get the vaccine
The best way to prevent diphtheria is to get vaccinated.
Caring properly for wounds, including promptly cleaning them and seeing a doctor for medical care, can prevent a tetanus infection.
You can help prevent pertussis by keeping infants and other people at high risk away from infected people.
WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION?
Diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 6, 2016. Accessed June 7, 2016.
DTaP vaccine: What you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/dtap.pdf. Updated May 17, 2007. Accessed June 7, 2016.
Immunization schedules for infants and children. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/easy-to-read/child.html. Updated May 4, 2016. Accessed June 7, 2016.
10/30/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Prymula R, Siegrist C, et al. Effect of prophylactic paracetamol administration at time of vaccination on febrile reactions and antibody responses in children: Two open-label, randomised controlled trials.
11/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women and persons who have or anticipate having close contact with an infant aged < 12 months—Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2011.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep.
Last reviewed June 2016 by Marcie Sidman, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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