Fundoplication is surgery to wrap the upper stomach around the lower esophagus. It makes backing up of acid into the esophagus from the stomach less likely.
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The surgery is most often done for the following reasons:
gastroesophageal reflux disease
To reduce acid reflux that is contributing to
To repair a hiatal hernia, which may be responsible for making GERD symptoms worse
If you are planning to have fundoplication, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include: InfectionBleedingDifficulty swallowingReturn of reflux symptomsLimited ability to burp or vomitGas painsDamage to organsAnesthesia-related problems
In rare cases, the procedure may need to be repeated. This may happen if the wrap was too tight, the wrap slips, or if a new hernia forms.
Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include: Pre-existing heart or lung conditionObesitySmokingDiabetesPrior upper abdominal surgery
Your doctor may do the following: Physical examX-ray
with contrast—to assess the level of reflux and evidence of damage
—use of a tube attached to a viewing device called an endoscope to examine the inside of the lining of the esophagus and stomach;
may also be taken
Manometry—a test to measure the muscular contractions inside the esophagus and its response to swallowing
Leading up to the surgery: Talk to your doctor about your medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to 1 week before the procedure.Arrange for a ride to and from the hospital. Also, arrange for help at home.The night before, eat a light meal. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
will be used. It will block any pain and keep you asleep through the surgery.
A wide incision will be made in the abdomen. This is to expose the stomach and lower esophagus. The upper portion of the stomach will be wrapped around the esophagus. This will create pressure on the lower part of the esophagus. It will reduce the chance of stomach acid moving up the esophagus. If a hiatal hernia exists, the stomach will be placed entirely back in the abdomen. The opening in the diaphragm where the hernia poked through will be tightened.
You will have discomfort during recovery. Ask your doctor about medication to help with the pain.
After the procedure, you can expect the following: You will walk with assistance the day after surgery.You will start by eating a liquid diet. You will slowly be able to eat more solid foods.After a successful fundoplication, you may no longer need to take medications for GERD.
Be sure to follow your doctor's
It will take about 6 weeks to recover.
Contact your doctor if your recovery is not progressing as expected or you develop complications such as: Signs of infection, including fever and chillsRedness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision siteNausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medications you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospitalIncreased swelling or pain in the abdomenDifficulty swallowing that does not improvePain that you cannot control with the medications you have been givenPain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urineCough, shortness of breath, or chest painAny other new symptoms
If you think you are having an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Fundoplication (lap Nissen). MUSC Health Digestive Disease Center website. Available at: http://www.ddc.musc.edu/surgery/surgeries/laparoscopic/fundoplication.cfm. Accessed December 18, 2015.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (heartburn). Ohio State University Medical Center website. Available at:
Accessed December 18, 2015.
Last reviewed December 2015 by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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