Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disorder. It results in muscle pain and stiffness in the body. The effects are most common in the shoulders, arms, hips, and thighs. About 15% of people with PMR will also develop
giant cell arteritis
GCA is an inflammation of the lining of the arteries, the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Giant Cell Arteritis
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The exact cause is not known. Inflammatory conditions may be due to some problem with the immune system. Some evidence suggests that certain viruses could be responsible for PMR. Genetic factors may also play a role.
PMR is most common in Caucasian women, aged 65 years and older.
Symptoms may include: Muscle pain and/or stiffness in the hip, shoulder, or neck areasStiffness in the morningFeverUnexplained weight lossFatigueMood changes
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with: Blood testsMuscle biopsy
Images may be taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with: CT scanMRI scan
Symptoms of PMR will disappear without treatment within several months to years. Treatment leads to dramatic improvement, which may occur within 24-48 hours.
Treatment may include: Anti-inflammatory medicationsCorticosteroids
Supplements, such as
vitamin DPhysical therapy to help with strength, flexibility, and mobility
There are current guidelines to prevent PMR.
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Polymyalgia rheumatica. American College of Rheumatology website. Available at:
http://www.rheumatology.org/practice/clinical/patients/diseases_and_conditions/polymyalgiarheumatica.asp. Updated February 2013. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 8, 2014. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Questions and answers about polymyalgia Rheumatical and giant cell arteritis.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases website.
http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Polymyalgia/default.asp. Updated August 2012. Accessed June 29, 2015.
Salvarani C, Cantini F, et al. Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant-cell arteritis.
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Soubrier M, Dubost JJ, et al. Polymyalgia rheumatica: diagnosis and treatment.
Joint Bone Spine. 2006;73(6):599-605. Review.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Michael J. Fucci, DO; Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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