Any person who is sexually active can be infected with chlamydia. Abstaining from oral, vaginal, and anal sex is the most assured way to remain uninfected. However, if you are sexually active, there are steps you can take to help reduce your risk of chlamydia. Have a mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.
Always use a latex
during all sexual activity. Proper and consistent use of condoms is important in order for them to be effective.
Get recommended screening tests, especially if you are a woman under the age of 25 or are not in a monogamous relationship. Sexually active young men should consider screening , although there is no specific guideline.Behavioral counseling may be advised if you are a sexually active person at increased risk for infection.Avoid risky behaviors, such as unprotected or anonymous sex.
Know your status and your partner's. Openly discuss
sexually transmitted diseases
Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any concerns you have about STDs.
Don't let the cost of healthcare deter you from knowing your status. Many local clinics and health facilities offer free screening tests.
Chlamydia—CDC fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at:
http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/STDFact-chlamydia-detailed.htm. Updated September 24, 2015. Accessed March 14, 2016.
Chlamydia genital infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 15, 2016. Accessed March 14, 2016.
Mishori R, McClaskey, EL, et al.
infections: Screening, diagnosis, and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(12):1127-1132.
Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010.
3/17/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Dec 16;161(12):902-10.
3/17/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Behavioral counseling interventions to prevent sexually transmitted infections: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Dec 16;161(12):894-901.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Marcie L. Sidman, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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