Septoplasty is a surgery to straighten a
. The septum is the wall dividing the left and right nasal cavities. It is made of cartilage and bone and is lined with a thin mucus membrane.
A normal septum is straight and in the center of the nose. A deviated septum is bent or off-center. Septal deviation may occur during fetal development, during birth, as your nose grows, or after a traumatic injury. Septoplasty may be done at the same time as other nasal surgery, like
Septoplasty is considered if a deviated septum obstructs your nasal passages. The obstruction can cause impaired nasal breathing,
obstructive sleep apnea
, or a runny nose. A deviated septum may also need to be corrected with septoplasty if it causes chronic headaches.
Deviated Nasal Septum
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Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like: Numbness in the tip of the nose or upper front teethBleedingInfectionScarringSeptal perforation—a hole in the septumNo improvement in symptomsPoor cosmetic outcome
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications, such as: SmokingDrinking
Chronic diseases, such as
To prepare for surgery, follow any instructions provided by your doctor. Talk to your doctor about your medications, including vitamins, herbs, or dietary supplements. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.If you are having local anesthesia for the procedure, it is likely that no other special preparation is needed. If you will be having general anesthesia, your doctor will give you additional instructions.
Septoplasty can be done using local or
anesthesia. Local anesthesia will numb the area. General anesthesia will put you to sleep.
An incision will be made inside the nose. The lining of the septum will be lifted up and out of the way.
The bent bone or cartilage will be straightened by moving it, reshaping it, or cutting off the bent piece. After the repair is done, the lining will be replaced over the top of the septum. Gauze may be placed in the nose to soak up any blood. A plastic splint may also be inserted to keep the septum in place while it heals.
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications.
Most people leave the care center after 3-4 hours.
During your stay, the care center staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing their handsWearing gloves or masksKeeping your incisions covered
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chance of infection, such as: Washing your hands often and reminding your healthcare providers to do the sameReminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masksNot allowing others to touch your incision
If nasal packing is used, it is removed 1-2 days after the surgery. The splint remains in the nose for up to a week. After the surgery, do the following to ensure a smooth recovery: Try to breathe through your mouth for the first few days.Do not blow your nose, even though you may be stuffy after the procedure.Keep your head elevated when lying down for the first 1-2 days.Apply ice packs to your nose to reduce pain and swelling.Do not take aspirin products for pain.Your doctor may want to see you for a follow-up visit to monitor healing or to remove the gauze packing or splint.
It is important for you to monitor your recovery after you leave the care center. Alert your doctor to any problems right away. If any of the following occur, call your doctor: Signs of infection, including fever and chillsRedness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision siteHeavy bleedingPacking from your nose falls into the back of your throat, causing discomfortPersistent nausea and/or vomitingVomit that is bloody or the color of coffee groundsPain that you cannot control with the medications you have been givenCough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
Deviated septum. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at
http://www.entnet.org/content/deviated-septum. Accessed May 23, 2014.
Deviated septum. Cedars-Sinai website. Available at:
http://www.cedars-sinai.edu/Patients/Health-Conditions/Deviated-Septum.aspx. Accessed May 23, 2013.
Deviated septum in children. Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh website. Available at:
http://chp.staywellsolutionsonline.com/Search/90,P02062. Updated May 27, 2012. Accessed May 23, 2014.
6/3/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Am J Med.
Last reviewed June 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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